Will the sun shine forever?

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The 1815, Eruption of Mount Tambora was one of the most powerful eruptions in recorded history . The eruption of the volcano, on the island of Sumbawa in the Dutch East Indies was followed by between six months and three years of increased steaming and small eruptions. The eruption killed 11500 people and 70000 people lost lives due to destruction of crops and shortage of food. The peak of the volcano suddenly appeared like a deep depression.

Before the explosion Mount Tambora was the highest peak in the region, but after the volcano took place in 10th April 1815, the height of the peak fell by 1.5 km.

But the effect was not just limited to Indonesia, the destruction spread far and wide all the way to the European countries. The atmosphere of the west was covered with volcanic ash as a result  the sun rays could not reach the surface of the earth. Due to reduction of  warmth, heavy snowfall was found during June to August, 1816.There was intense cold, and the situation turned worse as famine conditions developed in European countries and North American countries.Such a discouraging state of affair and weather conditions  continued for over an year, naming it the “Year Without Summer”.

Artists painted fiery sunsets, novelists wrote about vampires. The blocking of the sunlight to the earth can disrupt lives, the way of living and thinking, art, and culture.

However in the Tambora volcano case, the reason behind has more to do with the Sun itself.The light and heat we receive on Earth from the Sun is due to enery created by the Core through nuclear reactions under a very high temperature. If we concentrate our attention on the photo-sphere-layer, some spots are observed that appear dark. Going back to the past , Europe and North America experienced a Little Ice Age between 1500 and 1850. The cold was so intense that the Thames river, in England was frozen for several weeks.After some investigation they found a close relation between the sunspot activity and the climatic coldness during the Little Ice Age.

According to recent findings, there will be fewer sunspots in the solar cycle 26, which will  happen from 2030 to 2040, similar to the Little Ice Age. The earth is likely to suffer the next Mini Ice Age, coming in the next 15 years. Of course such a claim needs more rigorous scrutiny and Valentina’s ‘Principal component Analysis’s model, based on the solar magnetic field may go wrong. Whether this will be true or not, but another thing is certain. The Sun is estimated to be five billion years old at the present, it has already spent half of it’s life. After this period, the Sun will die, every second about five billion tonnes of matter to release energy equal to 3 into 10 raised to 26 watt, as per per Einsteins’s famous mass-enery equivalence principle.Because of the continuous use of hydrogen as fuel at its core the burning will be quite visible.AS a result, it will look extremely bright and unfortunately dry the Earth’s oceans and then converting it o a desert.Gradually it’s size will increase it will start swallowing the nearby planets like Mercury and Venus.

This future sunshine may not be enjoyable. Our savior may turn the ultimate killer in the long distant future. Enjoy and cherish what you have today, this future is like thousands of year away!

 

 

 

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